A dental crown, also known as a cap, is a prosthetic that is placed on the tooth for protection. The main reason a crown is added is to cover a tooth that is damaged. The crown provides a level of strength to the tooth as well as improves the overall appearance and alignment of teeth. The process of adding a crown can only be completed in a dentist’s office, and only the dentist can remove it. Here at Colin M. McKinney, DMD, we can provide crowns for all your dental needs.
Types of Crowns
There are four basic crown types that can be used to cap the teeth. With each type, there are pros and cons. Ceramic is a common type of crown material used to cover the front teeth. Ceramic is chosen for this section of the mouth due to the ability to look natural with your existing teeth. The crown will be created from a material based in porcelain.
Another type of crown, one that provides a stronger bond than porcelain, is porcelain-fused to metal. This type of crown is very durable because the crown is connected to a metal structure. For crowns that need to last for many years, gold alloy is a popular choice. The crown is created from a mixture of gold and copper, along with other metals. The material adheres strongly to the tooth and will not fracture or wear away over time.
The last material often used for crowns is a base metal alloy. The crown will be created from non-noble metals. This creates a cap that is corrosion resistant. For this crown type, the affected tooth needs to be healthy before the crown is added.
How is the Crown Placed?
When we provide a crown procedure, there are several steps involved. Two visits are generally needed to complete the full treatment. To begin, the dentist will prepare the tooth for the procedure. The outer portion of the tooth will be removed so that the crown will be able to fit. Any present decay will be removed at this time.
If the structure of the tooth is lacking, the dentist will use this time to build up the core for additional support when the crown is added. Next, an impression is made to ensure the model for the crown will be able to create a cap that perfectly fits your tooth.
A temporary crown will be placed on the tooth while the permanent crown is being created. It only takes a short amount of time to create a permanent crown. The model created of your tooth is used to make the permanent crown. Once ready, the crown is placed on the tooth and any adjustments made. Once the crown is ready for permanent placement, the dentist will use cement to adhere the cap to the tooth.
Care should be taken by the patient to avoid damaging the crown. Remember to brush and floss regularly, as well as attend cleanings. Avoid chewing hard foods in the area where the crown is located as breakage can occur.
For more information about dental crowns, call the experienced professionals here at Colin M. McKinney, DMD at (772) 266-2223 today!